Reactive Interfaces

This guide covers how to get Gradio interfaces to refresh automatically or continuously stream data.

Live Interfaces

You can make interfaces automatically refresh by setting live=True in the interface. Now the interface will recalculate as soon as the user input changes.

import gradio as gr

def calculator(num1, operation, num2):
    if operation == "add":
        return num1 + num2
    elif operation == "subtract":
        return num1 - num2
    elif operation == "multiply":
        return num1 * num2
    elif operation == "divide":
        return num1 / num2

demo = gr.Interface(
        gr.Radio(["add", "subtract", "multiply", "divide"]),

Note there is no submit button, because the interface resubmits automatically on change.

Streaming Components

Some components have a "streaming" mode, such as Audio component in microphone mode, or the Image component in webcam mode. Streaming means data is sent continuously to the backend and the Interface function is continuously being rerun.

The difference between gr.Audio(source='microphone') and gr.Audio(source='microphone', streaming=True), when both are used in gr.Interface(live=True), is that the first Component will automatically submit data and run the Interface function when the user stops recording, whereas the second Component will continuously send data and run the Interface function during recording.

Here is example code of streaming images from the webcam.

import gradio as gr
import numpy as np

def flip(im):
    return np.flipud(im)

demo = gr.Interface(
    gr.Image(source="webcam", streaming=True),